Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924 – 2018)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee was an Indian politician who served three terms as the prime minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, followed by a full term from 1999 to 2004. Vajpayee was one of the co-founders and a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25 December 1924 – 16 August 2018) was an Indian politician who served three terms as the prime minister of India, first for a term of 13 days in 1996, then for a period of 13 months from 1998 to 1999, followed by a full term from 1999 to 2004. Vajpayee was one of the co-founders and a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He was a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, a Hindu nationalist volunteer organization. He was the first Indian prime minister not of the Indian National Congress to serve a full term in office. He was also a renowned poet and writer.
image source Times of India
A man of the masses, firm in his political convictions. On October 13, 1999, he took charge as Prime Minister of India for the second consecutive term at the head of a new coalition government, the National Democratic Alliance. He was Prime Minister for a short period in 1996. He is the first Prime Minister since Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to have become Prime Minister of India with two successive mandates.
He was a member of the Indian Parliament for over five decades, having been elected ten times to the Lok Sabha, the lower house, and twice to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house. He served as the Member of Parliament for Lucknow, retiring from active politics in 2009 due to health concerns.
Education And Childhood
Vajpayee was born into a Hindu Brahmin family on 25 December 1924 in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. His mother and father were Krishna Devi and Krishna Bihari Vajpayee. His father was a school teacher in their hometown. His grandfather, Shyam Lal Vajpayee, had migrated to Morena near Gwalior from his ancestral village of Bateshwar in the Agra district of Uttar Pradesh.
image source BBC
Vajpayee did his schooling at the Saraswati Shishu Mandir in Gwalior. In 1934, he was admitted to the Anglo-Vernacular Middle (AVM) School in Barnagar, Ujjain district, after his father joined as headmaster. He subsequently attended Gwalior's Victoria College to study for a BA in Hindi, English, and Sanskrit. He completed his post-graduation with an MA in Political Science from DAV College, Kanpur.
Greatest achievement during Vajpayee's government
1) Nuclear tests Pokhran (May 1998)
2) Lahore summit (1998 and early 1999)
3) Kargil War (May 1999)
4) All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
Some Of The Famous Poem Of Vajpayee
1) Geet naya gaata hoon:
Toote hue sapnon ki kaun sune siski,
antar ki cheer vyatha palakon par thithki
haar nahi maanoonga,
raar nahi thanunga
kaal ke kapaal pe likhta mitata hoon,
geet naya gaata hoon.
2)Kadam milakar chalna hoga:
Baadhaen aati hain aaen,
ghiren pralay ki ghor ghataaen
paaon ke neeche angaare,
sir par barsein yadi jwalaein,
nij haathon se haste-haste
aag lagakar jalna hoga.
kadam milakar chalna hoga
3) Aaj sindhu mein jvaar utha hai
nagapati phir lalakaar utha hai
kurukshetr ke kan–kan se phir